The Bhagawat Gita, or Song of God, is the most popular work of religious literature of India. The Gita is written in the form of a dialogue between Krsna, and his friend and disciple Arjuna. This Krsna is the Divine One, the ‘Lord who abides within the heart of all beings.’ He presents a conception, namely that all existence is a manifestation of God, and that God exists in all beings as the innermost self, which is the basis of all Indian religious thought.
Krishna is utterly incomparable, he is so unique. Krishna is the sole great man in our whole history who reached the absolute height and depth of religion. Every religion, up to now, has divided life into two parts, the worldly and the divine, and while they accept one part they deny the other. Krishna alone accepts the whole of life. Acceptance of life in its totality has attained full fruition in Krishna. That is why India held him to be a perfect incarnation of God. Krishna is the whole of God. And the reason for saying so is that Krishna accepted and absorbed everything that life is.
He accepts life in all its facets, in all its climates and colors. He alone does not choose he accepts life unconditionally. He does not shun love; being a man he does not run away from women. As one who has known and experienced God, he alone does not turn his face from war. He is full of love and compassion, and yet he has courage to accept and fight a war. His heart is utterly non-violent, yet he plunges into the fire and fury of violence when it becomes unavoidable. He accepts the nectar, and yet he is not afraid of poison.
OSHO, Indian Guru says that Krishna has immense significance for our future. And that future, when Krishna’s image will shine in all it brilliance, is increasingly close. And wherever a laughing, singing and dancing religion comes into being it will certainly have Krishna’s stone in its foundation.
Krishna’s teaching Gita contains metaphysical truths, and embodies every form of religious thought, practice, and discipline. According to the teachings of Gita, there is no conflict between the different types of Yoga (union with God), like Jnana (knowledge), Bhakati (devotion), Karma (selfless service), and Dhyana, (meditation). Thus Gita blends, synthesizes, and reconciles many conflicting metaphysical theories.
The spirit of catholicity is a prominent feature of all Indian teachings. Infinite is God, infinite are his aspects, and infinite are the ways to reach him. In the Atharva Veda, Hindu scripture says Ekam Jyotir bahudha bibhati – The one Light appears in diverse forms.
Gita’s 18 chapters can be divided in three parts, six chapters each. The first six chapters deal with the true nature of Tvam, or Thou (i.e. the true nature of the Self). The second six chapters, 7-12, explain the nature of Tat, or That; and the last six chapters bring out the identity of Thou with That. Thus the great Vedic truth Tat Tvam Asi – Thou Art That forms the subject matter of the Gita. Hence, Gita fundamentally insists on the knowledge of self as God, as the only goal of life.
Once, when Sri Ramakrishna, the greatest mystic of nineteenth century was asked, ‘What does the Gita teach?’ he replied, ‘If you utter the word “Gita” a few times, you begin to say “tagi, tagi” – meaning one who has renounced. The call to renunciation pervades the Gita. It is through the renunciation of desires that one can transcend the karma, and the cycle of birth and rebirth, and can experience his oneness with the existence.
Gita is meant for chanting, and not just intellectual study. As one regularly chants, the deeper meanings of Gita are revealed.